Quotation by David Pears

'A thing is called by a certain name because it instantiates a certain universal' is obviously circular when particularized, but it looks imposing when left in this general form. And it looks imposing in this general form largely because of the inveterate philosophical habit of treating the shadows cast by words and sentences as if they were separately identifiable. Universals, like facts and propositions, are such shadows.
David Pears (b. 1921), British philosopher. repr. In Logic and Language, Second Series, ed. A. Flew (1953). Universals," ," originally published in Philosophical Quarterly (1951).

A statement of the authors view that many of the philosopher's favorite entities "shadows cast by words."
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