Oscar Wilde (1854–1900), Anglo-Irish playwright, author. repr. In Complete Works of Oscar Wilde, ed. J.B. Foreman (1966). The Ballad of Reading Gaol, pt. 3, st. 37 (1898).
In 1895, Wilde was tried twice for "indecent acts" and sentenced to two years' hard labor in Reading Gaol. Almost universally ostracised on his release, he spent the remaining three years of his life under an assumed name in voluntary exile in Europe.