It is futile to ask women not to go into business, as futile almost as to insist that water shall not run downhill. One cannot stop world movements; and the efforts of women toward emancipation—the natural result of the deadly monotony of their task on the one hand, a jealousy of man's freedom, and a total ignorance of man's struggle as well as of the glory of their own special opportunity—all lead to the condition we are facing to-day. If in any way I can indicate the pain of the struggle, if I can succeed in making women appreciate that there are two sides to the question, one not altogether rosy, and that, although they will undoubtedly win, they will be forced to pay a high price, then I shall have accomplished my purpose.
Alice Foote MacDougall (1867–1945), U.S. businesswoman. The Autobiography of a Business Woman, Foreword (1928).
MacDougall had been forced to go into business in order to support herself and her three young children. She met with success only after severe struggle and always regretted having to delegate many household and parenting obligations. She had opposed woman suffrage and was, in general, unsympathetic to feminism.