Joycelyn Elders (b. 1933), U.S. pediatrician and educator; first woman (and second African American) Surgeon General of the United States. As quoted in the New York Times Magazine, p. 18 (January 30, 1994).
On Judge Clarence Thomas, the second African American U. S. Supreme Court Justice. Elders was the second African American U. S. Surgeon General. Thomas, a conservative, opposed many liberal programs that were supported by most African Americans—including affirmative action, which once had benefitted him.