Carrie Chapman Catt (1859–1947), U.S. suffragist. As quoted in History of Woman Suffrage, vol. 5, ch. 19, by Ida Husted Harper (1922).
Passed by the United States Congress, this proposed Constitutional amendment was submitted to the State Legislatures on June 4, 1919; ratification by thirty-six of the then forty- eight states was needed. On August 23, 1920, Tennessee became the thirty-sixth state to ratify; on the following day, Governor Roberts mailed the certificate of ratification to Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. It was delivered to him at 4:00 a.m., and five hours later, he issued a proclamation that it had "become valid to all intents and purposes as a part of the Constitution of the United States." Thus the woman suffrage movement that had begun 72 years earlier with a meeting in Seneca Falls, New York, drew to its close. All of the pioneer leaders were dead: Lucretia Mott (1793-1880) and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1906), who had organized the Seneca Falls meeting; Lucy Stone (1818-1893), and Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906). One of their most distinguished younger colleagues, and one of the movement's most dynamic speakers, the Rev. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, had died the previous year (1847-1919). Authorship of this "Call" to the National Woman Suffrage Association's last convention, held in 1920, is not specifically credited to Catt, but she was its president at the time. The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution was not actually declared in effect until August 26th of that year, three days after Tennessee became the thirty-sixth, and last necessary, state to ratify it. By this time, however, victory was certain, and the convention's official title was Victory Convention of the national American Woman Suffrage Association and First Congress of the League of Women Voters. In fact, most of the prominent early suffrage leaders did not "live to see the actual and final realization of hopes to which they [had] devoted their lives."