The two opposing values—"good and bad" and "good and evil"Mhave waged a terrible battle on earth for thousands of years, and even though the latter value has been prevailing for a long time there remain places where the battle is as yet undecided. It might even be said that it has been raised to ever higher levels in the process and that as a result it has become ever more profound, ever more spiritual: so that nowadays there is perhaps no more decisive mark of a "higher nature," a more spiritual nature, than being ambivalently divided in this sense and literally a battleground for these opposites. The symbol of this struggle, written in characters which have remained legible throughout human history, is "Rome against Judaea, Judaea against Rome":Mup to now there has been no greater event than this battle, this interrogation, this deadly contradiction.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), German philosopher, classical scholar, critic of culture. Friedrich Nietzsche, Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe, vol. 5, pp. 285-286, eds. Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari, Berlin, de Gruyter (1980). On the Genealogy of Morals, "First Essay," section 16 (1887).