Quotation by Samuel Johnson

There mark what ills the scholar's life assail,
Toil, envy, want, the patron, and the gaol.
Samuel Johnson (1709–1784), British author, lexicographer. repr. in Works of Samuel Johnson, Yale Edition, vol. 6, eds. E.L. McAdam, Jr. and G. Milne (1964). The Vanity of Human Wishes, l. 159-60 (1749).

In his Life of Dr. Johnson (1791), Boswell noted that the second line of Johnson's couplet had read, "Toil, envy, want, the garret, and the gaol," but had changed it "after experiencing the uneasiness which Lord Chesterfield's fallacious patronage made him feel." For further views of Chesterfield and patrons in general, see Johnson on patronage.
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