This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German Government a final Note stating that, unless we heard from them by 11 o'clock that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us. I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received, and that consequently this country is at war with Germany.
Neville Chamberlain (1869–1940), British politician, prime minister. BBC Radio broadcast, Sept. 3, 1939, on the declaration of war. The Penguin Book of Twentieth Century Speeches, ed. Brian MacArthur (1992).