Woman was originally the inventor, the manufacturer, the provider. She has allowed one office after another gradually to slip from her hand, until she retains, with loose grasp, only the so-called housekeeping.... Having thus given up one by one the occupations which required knowledge of materials and processes, and skill in using them ... she rightly feels that what's left is mere deadening drudgery.
Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards (1842–1911), U.S. chemist and educator. The Outlook magazine, p. 1079 (April 24, 1897).
Richards, the first woman student ever admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was "one of the chief organizers and theoreticians of the domestic-science movement," which sought to professionalize housekeeping by establishing a scientific knowledge base for it and formulating standards.