Alice Foote MacDougall (1867–1945), U.S. businesswoman. The Autobiography of a Business Woman, ch. 3 (1928).
Driven by her husband's financial failure to the necessity of supporting her three young children by establishing her own business, MacDougall lamented her children's first material, then emotional, deprivation. Despite her remarkable worldly success, she did not romanticize the benefits of "emancipation" and opposed woman suffrage.